Quick Answer: What Is A Tripod Fracture?

Where is the tripod fracture?

The first is a fracture through the zygomatic arch (1). Next, the fracture extends across the floor of the orbit and includes the maxillary sinus (2). Finally, the fracture includes the lateral orbital rim and wall (3). Extraocular muscles may become trapped in the fracture line, leading to diplopia.

Which injury pattern comprises a tripod fracture?

The zygomaticomaxillary complex fracture, also known as a quadripod fracture, quadramalar fracture, and formerly referred to as a tripod fracture or trimalar fracture, has four components, three of which are directly related to connections between the zygoma and the face, and the fourth being an orbital blowout.

What is a displaced tripod fracture of the cheek?

A tripod fracture is a facial fracture that involves the zygoma, which is displaced. It may involve the arch and the orbit.

What is Zygomaticomaxillary fracture?

A zygomatic complex fracture is a fracture that involves the zygoma and its surrounding bones. The typical lines of a zygomatic complex fracture are: A fracture emanating from the inferior orbital fissure superiorly along the sphenozygomatic suture to the frontozygomatic suture where it crosses the lateral orbital rim.

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What happens if the zygomatic bone is damaged?

Zygomaticomaxillary complex fracture can affect mastication through impingement by a depressed zygomatic arch on the temporalis muscle and coronoid process of the mandible; this can result in trismus and pain with mastication.

What is a malar fracture?

The term malar complex fracture refers to a fracture which in its classic form primarily involves the suture lines of the zygomatic bone.

How do I know if my zygomatic bone is broken?

Broken cheekbone/upper jaw (zygomatic maxillary fracture)

  1. Flatness of the cheek.
  2. Altered sensation underneath the eye on the affected side.
  3. Problems with eyesight.
  4. Pain with jaw movement.

What is a fractured Zygoma?

A zygoma fracture (zygomatic fracture) is a form of facial fracture caused by a fracture of the zygomatic bone. A zygoma fracture is often the result of facial trauma such as violence, falls or automobile accidents.

How is a Zygoma fracture managed?

Surgical intervention is an effective treatment modality of depressed zygomatic complex fractures, whereas a nonsurgical approach is often used for nondisplaced fractures. Most zygomatic complex fractures can be treated solely by an intraoral approach and rigid fixation at the zygomaticomaxillary buttress.

Can a fractured cheekbone heal itself?

The discomfort is usually worse for the first few days although it may take a couple of weeks to completely disappear. Cheekbone fractures usually heal without infection but it may be necessary to give you antibiotics, particularly if a “graft” has been used.

Does a fractured cheekbone require surgery?

Once it has determined the cheekbone is broken the surgeon will decide if surgery is needed. Sometimes depending on the situation, such as if the cheekbone fracture is stable, no surgery is recommended. But, it will be advised if it affects the daily function of the patient or causes a cosmetic defect.

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What is the most common type of facial fracture EMT?

For example, motor vehicle collisions, physical altercations and falls lead to about 85% of nasal fractures,3 which are the most common type of facial fracture. Fractures to the zygomatic bone are second most common and, predictably, like other facial fractures most often occur to men in their 20s.

What is a maxillary fracture?

A maxilla fracture happens when the maxilla becomes cracked or broken. This often happens due to injuries to the face, such as from falling, a car accident, getting punched, or running into an object. These injuries can be significant.

How long does it take for a fractured face to heal?

Facial bruising and swelling may be cleared up in only 2-3 weeks. Nerve damage affecting physical sensation may take weeks or months to heal, and in some cases it may only partial heal or there may even be no recovery at all. Early evaluation and treatment can help prevent complications.

What is a right orbital floor fracture?

Orbital floor fracture This is when a blow or trauma to the orbital rim pushes the bones back, causing the bones of the eye socket floor buckle to downward. This fracture can also affect the muscles and nerves around the eye, keeping it from moving properly and feeling normal.

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